Today I have a fabulous interview with Tanya J. Peterson, author of a contemporary fiction called Leave of Absence. She had previously written a great guest post about finding time to write with a busy schedule and why she chose to write a book with mental health awareness themes. You can read that HERE if you missed it.
Enjoy the interview and she’ll be happy to answer any comments you leave as well!
Hi Tanya, welcome back to Oh, for the Hook of a Book! We’ve featured your guest post, and I’ve done a review of your book, so I hope everyone is now as anxious (in a good way) as I am to hear your answers to some questions surrounding you and your work. How have you been?
Tanya: Hi Erin! I’ve been busy, as I’m sure you and everyone reading this can relate. Running after kids (sometimes literally as my son has decided to become a distance runner – I’m not a natural runner!), helping Leave of Absence along, speaking and writing on mental illness, and the endless daily tasks all keep me hopping. Overall, though, things are going very well. What about you?
Erin: As a mother and more, busy too, but it’s all good! And you won’t catch me literally running though. Good luck!! Now, I’d love to be the one laying on the couch while you pick my brain, but today it will need to be the other way around. So put your feet up and let’s get started…
Tanya: Let me settle in and let’s chat. Can it be a dentist’s chair instead of the traditional couch? I love those. I always wanted my therapists to have dentist chairs. Okay, getting serious now…
A: I wrote Leave of Absence for a very specific purpose. I wanted to show the reality of mental illness, the human side. The basis for the story is entirely fictional, of course, but I have indeed had life experiences that were quite helpful in “filling out” the story. When I was just two years old… Just kidding! No one here wants my life history. I drew from many different things (including the “whys” and “what ifs” I constantly ask myself about situations and people), but the most impactful one for the creating of many of the scenes in Leave of Absence was the time I spent in a behavioral health center/hospital. Much of Leave of Absence takes place in such a hospital, and while this place in the novel is entirely fictional, I drew on my own experiences to add depth and detail to the setting. I did have a motivation for setting the story here: there is quite a bit of mystery shrouding these places. Because of incorrect portrayals in books and movies, often what comes to mind is an image of an “insane asylum,” with barred windows and screaming patients. Sadly, people are often shunned by society after having been to a behavioral health hospital. I wanted to provide people with an accurate portrayal of these places.
Erin Comments: You can read my review of Leave of Absence HERE.
Q: What is your background and how did that help you to write your book?
A: From my answer above, it’s probably evident that I have a personal background to draw on. As mentioned, I’ve spent time in a behavioral health center. I have bipolar I disorder and difficulties with anxiety, so I understand much of what Oliver and Penelope deal with. In addition to this, though, I also have a professional background. I have a Master’s Degree in counseling and am a Nationally Certified Counselor. Both my personal and professional backgrounds helped me create a novel that, while fiction, is accurate and very realistic.
Erin Comments: I think it is amazing that you can balance your illness enough to be able to continue on in your professional life. Quite a challenge and so amazing! Of course, that is great that you can help others through your experiences.
Q: What do you hope that readers will “take away” or what feelings do you hope are invoked from Leave of Absence?
A: I really hope that readers form an emotional connection to Oliver, Penelope, and William. In fact, this emotional connection is the very reason I have chosen to illuminate aspects of mental illness through fiction rather than non-fiction. Non-fiction can be very helpful, of course, and there are many great non-fiction works out there to educate and inform. It’s hard, though, to make a true human connection through non-fiction. It’s my hope that in reading Leave of Absence, readers will come to understand what it is that each character experiences.
Ideally, for example, people will understand schizophrenia through Penelope and PTSD and depression through Oliver. However, I’d like readers to experience the issues more deeply than just understanding the “what” of them. I’d like them to connect with the “who” behind the illnesses. As a society, when we understand what mental illness really is (rather than the stereotyped version) and when we come to see the person behind the illness, we will develop greater empathy and compassion. And maybe, just maybe, the stigma associated with mental illness will disappear.
Erin Comments: The “who” is so important…..and empathy.
Q: Where do you think the deep seeded desire to help others comes from (from yourself and then also in others)?
A: To paraphrase Lady Gaga, I seem to have been born that way. I remember being sensitive to others’ suffering even in grade school. I was always baffled and angered by bullying and did what little I could to assist those who needed it. Jump to adulthood. I initially became a teacher, but it took all of about a week to realize that I’d much rather be a counselor, and, years later, when I was becoming a counselor, I realized that I wanted to use my education and experience on a larger scale to advocate for those who don’t always have a voice. The desire to advocate came, in part, from a personal predisposition to stand up publicly for what I believe in.
It also came from one of my favorite graduate school professors. In class, she often spoke of the power and importance of advocacy, and she and I had numerous private discussions about it. It was these conversations that planted the seed of my combining my love of writing with my desire to help people by increasing awareness and understanding.
Q: What kind of thoughts went into developing your characters, especially Oliver and Penelope?
A: Thoughts of affection! I thought of them first, before I ever formulated a story line. I developed stories about them – who they were, why they were suffering, how they were suffering, how they would come together, etc. That merged into creating the storyline. Then as I wrote the story, I always began my writing session by connecting with them and how they were feeling. More often than not, when I was writing it was as if I were each of them rather than myself. When I wasn’t writing, I was thinking about them. I bonded with them! After all, if I wasn’t connected to them, how on Earth would readers ever connect with them?
Q: Do you feel your book is mainly serious fiction, due to the subject matter, or did you mean for a glint of humor to be allowed to shine through?
A: My overall intent was for Leave of Absence to be serious. However, mental illness and life struggles don’t mean constant and permanent despair. Everyone can experience happiness, and people do heal. I tried to instill a realistic sense of hope in the story without being a canned, Pollyanna-type of hope. Therefore, I thought that a touch of humor would be appropriate. This will seem strange, I know, but you know how in the previous question I stated that it was often as if the characters themselves were writing their stories? That’s how the tiny bits of humor happened. Yes, I knew that some humor was necessary, but I didn’t actually plan it out. Putting a direction in my notes reading, “Comic relieve on page 107” just doesn’t work. It happened through the characters themselves.
Erin Comments: There was some humor to it, whether is should be or not. For some reason Eleanor yelling at Penelope to eat the crayons and her doing it was both sad and humorous to me at the same time. Not necessarily laughter at Penelope, but laughter at how our minds work sometimes (or don’t work).
Q: Do you think their portrayal will help the general public understand the many facets of mental illness and the people who struggle with various forms of it?
A: That’s my very hope. Mental illnesses are very complex and individualized. So the way Penelope and Oliver experience it won’t look exactly the same in others with the same disorders. That said, there are general defining characteristics of the various mental illnesses that are common to those that experience them. I did a great deal of research to ensure that Penelope’s and Oliver’s experiences were accurate. I really hope that readers see what is happening to these characters and what their inner experiences are like – what’s going through their minds. What Penelope and Oliver think and feel can be transferred to people in the real world.
Q: What else do you feel can be done, or needs to be done, in order to create more awareness for those with mental illness?
A: Stereotypes in mainstream media need to be corrected! When the news stations constantly jump to the conclusion that criminals are mentally ill (other than antisocial personality disorder, violence is not associated with mental illness) or when movies and television shows inaccurately portray people with mental illness, great harm is done. Society assumes these things are accurate and thus forms negative stereotypes about people experiencing mental illness. These prejudices create stigma. All of this is hurtful. It leads to discrimination, shame, isolation, and loneliness.
Of course, there are other things as well, such as equal access to affordable mental health care. Thankfully there are so many passionate people with different strengths to bring to the table to help create awareness and equality. I’m not good at accomplishing things like access to health care, but I can work to correct stereotypes and increase empathy and understanding (at least I hope so, anyway, and will give it a try.)
Erin Comments: Keep up the great work, it’s worth it!
Q: What other types of fiction do you like? Favorite books?
A: I love character-driven stories! I have a hard time getting into books that are all about plot and storyline, but I know that’s just me. Others feel the opposite way. If I can connect with a character, I don’t care what the plot or genre is. Some of my favorite fiction books that I’ve read recently are The Promise of Stardust by Pricille Sibley, Too Bright to Hear Too Loud to See by Juliann Garey, and all of the books in the Will Trent series by Karin Slaughter (I love Will Trent!).
Q: Do you have hopes to write other various types of fiction? If so, what other types do you want to try?
A: I am definitely going to write more novels. My plan for now is to stick with contemporary fiction and the theme of mental health. When I was a history major in college, I did dream of writing historical fiction. I’m honestly not sure if I can see myself writing anything other than contemporary fiction, but I suppose if I did venture into other things, I would try my hand at historical fiction.
Q: What has been your biggest challenge along your road to publishing? What has been your greatest success?
A: One of my biggest challenges is the fact that I’m still unknown with a small budget. Spreading the word about Leave of Absence often feels like an uphill battle. I have a fantastic publicist who helps me with this, but still, given that I’m starting from nothing, it’s difficult. Erin, what you’re doing for me is very helpful, by the way! By inviting me onto your blog, you’re introducing me to all of your wonderful readers, and I appreciate that so much. This is how an unknown author introduces her book to the world.
I think I’ve absolutely experienced success with Leave of Absence. It’s too early to know if I’m selling copies. But I don’t define success by sales, anyway. I’ll be honest: I need to sell books because I have living expenses that include two children, the oldest of whom is nearing college. However, my motivation in writing is not to become wealthy. I like to live simply. My motivation is, as you know, to increase awareness and compassion in order to reduce stigma and help things be better for those who experience mental illness. Happily, it seems so far that is happening!
I’ve had great feedback from professional reviewers and “real” readers like you. J And I’ve had discussions on radio shows and have been invited to give presentations about mental illness and to give readings from Leave of Absence. All this is really exciting. I’ve only made a very small ripple, though, so I hope that this ripple will do what a ripple is supposed to do: expand and grow. Not knowing what’s going to happen is stressful and anxiety-provoking, but I’m going to keep working hard to help it happen.
For all of your readers who have paid attention to my guest post, your review and this interview, I want you to know that I sincerely appreciate your taking the time to check out Leave of Absence and learn about me. Thank you.
Q: Can you explain your publishing process? Do have thoughts regarding traditional publishing versus self-publishing?
A: This sure is a hot topic right now! When I was deciding how to publish Leave of Absence, I read a ton of information about publishing. I attended workshops. I talked to a traditionally published author I know, and I went to a conference just so I could talk to agents about the publishing process. I compiled all of the information I gathered into a pros and cons chart, and I realized that for me right now, independent publishing was absolutely the way to go.
Leave of Absence is published by Inkwater Press, which is actually more of a hybrid publisher, a cross between traditional and independent publishing. I had to submit my manuscript for consideration as they don’t accept everyone. Their standards are high, and I was honored to be accepted. Inkwater Press provides a full range of services, but as an author who maintains the rights to her work, I have much more input into things than I would have had with a traditional publisher. From what I have learned from the authors I know and the agents with whom I spoke, traditionally published authors have almost no control over what the publisher does, including the way the story is modified. I’m very happy with my decision to independently publish with Inkwater Press.
Q: What advice do you have for busy moms who are aspiring authors or current authors? How do you fit it all in?
A: It’s a balancing act, and I often trip. Last summer, I did much of my writing very early in the morning. That no longer works, so I’ve adjusted. I work very hard when the kids are at school and my husband is at work so I can be with them in the evenings. I do indeed work here and there on evenings and weekends, but I make sure to take time to focus on my family. For me, the key is to prioritize. I create a to-do list of sorts of the major things I need to accomplish in a week, and then I filter those tasks into days and times. I constantly remind myself of my main priorities of the day, and I make sure that my family is on that list. We’ll always be busy and have way too much to do. Focusing on the big picture helps me when I get overwhelmed by the little details.
Erin Comments: That’s true, we’ll never not be busy so we might as well adjust to it and prioritize. People need to stop feeling so guilty, you know?
Q: Who are some of your favorite authors?
A: Maya Angelou, Toni Morrison, and Saul Bellow. While I definitely haven’t read all works by these authors, I have enough exposure to them to put them on a list of my favorite authors. I admire the depth and poignancy of their characters and themes.
Q: Color can tell a lot about a person, I think. What is your favorite color(s)?
A: Green and purple! And sometimes blue. (What does it say about me that I can’t pick just one?)
Q: What are your biggest ways to relieve stress and balance your mind? What advice do you have for others?
A: I experience quite a bit of anxiety, and stress definitely makes it worse. When I experience stress and anxiety, I get agitated and full of an excess of energy. I need an outlet for it to avoid becoming overwhelmed and irritable. Physical activity works well for me for that. I try to get up early in the morning and use the treadmill or the elliptical. I like to hike, bike, or kayak on the weekends too. I also need quiet meditation, too, but if I’m too agitated it doesn’t work.
Regarding advice, I’d say that it’s important to honor yourself as an expert of your own existence. Reading information about wellness, illness, etc. is very important and helpful, as is working with a counselor or therapist if or when you need to. Ultimately, though, you know yourself.
Experiment to find stress-relieving techniques that work best for you, and use those techniques when you can to help deal with stress. As long as what you’re doing doesn’t harm yourself or others, there’s no “wrong” way to de-stress. If meditation doesn’t work for you (sometimes it works for me and other times it doesn’t), don’t force yourself to do it just because everyone you know is raving about the new meditation center in town! Honor yourself.
Erin Comments: So eating chocolate would be appropriate, since chocolate never hurt anyone….*wink*
Q: What is next for you?
A: I have a new novel in the works! I’ve done a bit of brainstorming and begun some preliminary research. Of course I’m focusing primarily on the characters! (My biggest challenge in this right now is letting go of Oliver, Penelope, and William. I’m struggling with that at the moment.)
Q: Where can readers connect with you?
A: I love to connect with readers, so I hope people do! My website is http://www.tanyajpeterson.com (I have a contact form there). For those who like social media, my Facebook page is http://www.facebook.com/tanyajpeterson and my Twitter handle is @tanyajpeterson1. Oh, and I’m on Goodreads, too. A search of Tanya J Peterson will lead people to me.
Erin: Thank you so much, Tanya, for coming by today for this interview, we’ve learned a lot and I’m so glad to be able to hear your thoughts on so many important subjects. I wish you much continued success into the future!
Tanya: Erin, this has been wonderful! Thank you for asking me all of these great questions. I love being able to chat about Leave of Absence so people know why I wrote it, and it’s fun to discuss lighter things as well. I’ve enjoyed being a guest on your blog. It was so kind of you interview me and to allow me to write a guest post. And of course your review is amazing and gets right to the heart of Leave of Absence (and, by default, to my heart). I sincerely appreciate you and all you have done. I read in one of your recent posts that you coach a Little League team. My son is in Little League. I don’t coach, but I do of course go to all of the games. Have fun on the field!!
Erin Comments: You’re quite welcome, Tanya. Yes, we do coach several teams, both soccer and ball, and try to spend lots of time with the kiddos. Thank YOU so much for everything!
Leave of Absence Synopsis~
“Oliver knew deep in his heart that he would never, ever be better.” In this insightful and evocative novel, Tanya J. Peterson delves deeply into the world of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and schizophrenia.
When Oliver Graham’s suicide attempt fails, he is admitted to Airhaven Behavioral Health Center. Unable to cope with the traumatic loss of his beloved wife and son, he finds a single thread of attachment to life in Penelope, a fellow patient wrestling with schizophrenia and its devastating impact on her once happy and successful life. They both struggle to discover a reason to live while Penelope’s fiancé William strives to convince her that she is worth loving. As Oliver and Penelope try to achieve emotional stability, face others who have been part of their lives, and function in the “real world,” they discover that human connection may be reason enough to go on.
Written with extraordinary perception into the thought processes of those grappling with mental illness, Leave of Absence is perfect for readers seeking an empathic depiction of grief, loss, and schizophrenia, as well as anyone who has ever experienced human suffering and healing.
Author Tanya J. Peterson, Biography~
Tanya J. Peterson holds a Bachelor of Science in secondary education, Master of Science in counseling, and is a Nationally Certified Counselor. She has been a teacher and a counselor in various settings, including a traditional high school and an alternative school for homeless and runaway adolescents, and she has volunteered her services in both schools and communities. She draws on her life experience as well as her education to write stories about the emotional aspect of the human condition.
She has published Losing Elizabeth, a young adult novel about an abusive relationship, Challenge!, a short story about a person who finds the confidence to overcome criticism and achieve a goal, and a book review of Linley and Joseph’s Positive Therapy: A Meta-Theory for Positive Psychological Practice that appeared in Counseling Today, the national publication of the American Counseling Association. She lives in the Pacific Northwest with her husband and two children.
Her website is http://www.tanyajpeterson.com.