Tag Archives: Russian history

Women in History: The Great Russian Ballerina Bronia Nijinska

The Celebrating Women Series for 2017 continues with article #8 today. If this is the first article you’ve read so far, March was Women in History month and so I’ve been featuring writers and authors who sent in guest articles surrouding women and topics about women.  In fact, it’s now extending way past March we’ve had so much interest to feature strong, impactful women. You can find a main page for this with explanation and link to all articles here. I’ll add the articles as I schedule or post them. And if you still want to participate, send an article in!

Introducing Eva Stachniak and Her Russian Ballerina

I’m very excited to start this week off with my sweet friend (a truly wonderful person!) and fabulous historical fiction writer Eva Stachniak. Eva lives in Canada and is the award-winning and internationally bestselling author of four novels, several of which are my favorites, and her newest, is soon to add to this list!

This newest novel, The Chosen Maiden, is her fifth novel and features the life of Bronia Nijinska, a Russian ballerina – in fact one of the greatest to ever live…but not without fighting for that title. Read on and find out why.

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Caption: Bronia Nijinska as a student at the Imperial Ballet School

Living in the shadow of giants: the story of Bronia Nijinska

By Eva Stachniak, author of The Chosen Maiden

The history of Russian ballet is full of extraordinary women, but for me Bronislava Nijinska or Bronia as she was known among friends, is particularly appealing. What drew me to her? First, the tantalizing connection to her beloved elder brother, Vaslav Nijinsky (1889-1950). Known as the God of the Dance, he was one of the best dancers of all times, especially known for his leap and his groundbreaking choreography of Rite of Spring—the one that caused now famous riots in Paris when it premiered on May 29 of 1913. I was also drawn by the powerful strength of her dancing roles in Ballets Russes of Sergey Diaghilev, the legendary impresario who transformed the face of modern ballet: Ballerina Doll in Petrouchkaor the Chosen Maiden in Rite of Spring, a dance Vaslav created especially for her. And last, but not least, I admire her fortitude in the face of obstacles and misfortunes which could’ve crushed anyone less strong and resilient than she was.

Growing up alongside her famous older brother meant that Bronia Nijinska had to stand her ground. Like Vaslav she was educated at the world-renowned Imperial Ballet School in St Petersburg. Like Vaslav, she danced at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg and then, in 1909, joined the Ballets Russes which revolutionized modern dance and dazzled Paris with their Russian seasons. But whereas he was almost instantly declared a genius, she had to fight for recognition all her life.

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Caption: Bronia NIjinska in Petrouchka

How did she manage to free herself from Vaslav’s shadow? It helped that Vaslav recognized her talent. He was not only her mentor and teacher, but also readily acknowledged that Bronia was the best interpreter of his choreography. Then the vicissitudes of European history intervened, for the siblings were separated by war and revolution. Vaslav never returned to Russia, and by the time they met again in 1921 her brilliant brother’s career (and life) was destroyed by mental illness. In the meantime, during the Russian Revolution and ensuing Civil War, in Kiev, Bronia created avant-garde experimental ballets which inscribed her name in the history of modern dance. And after her escape from the Soviet Union she became one of the very first female choreographers employed by a ballet company—for Sergey Diaghilev hired her as a choreographer in 1921. This is where she created her masterpieces: The Wedding, Les Biches or Le Train Bleu (for which Coco Chanel designed costumes). All of them achievements that are truly extraordinary.

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Caption: A painting by Vadim Meller inspired by Bronia NIjinska’s modern ballet, Mephisto, that she created during her time in Kiev.

However, it was not only Vaslav’s shadow Bronia Nijinskahad to free herself from. She had to stand up to the misogyny of the ballet world, all her life. When she was a young ballerina at the Mariinsky in St. Petersburg she was faulted for her too strong and muscular body, her “un-ballerinalike” looks, her “too high” jumps. Then, in the Ballets Russes, she saw how male dancers and choreographers ruled supreme while women were mostly given supportive or transient roles. When, after her escape from Soviet Russia, she re-joined Ballets Russes, the same Sergey Diaghilev who hired her could not stop himself from telling her: “Oh, Bronia, what a great choreographer you would’ve been if only you were a man.” Yet, despite these obstacles, she had a long career as a dancer, choreographer and teacher, both in Western Europe and the US where she emigrated in 1939.

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Caption: An arrangement from Les Noces (The Wedding) Nijinska choreographed in 1923. Music by Igor Stravinsky.

Where does it come from, such strength, such resilience? From early childhood Bronia Nijinska knew dancing was her vocation. She placed the art of ballet in the center of her life and never veered from it. But love of art would not have been enough to sustain her, not without the fierce support first of her mother, Eleanora, and then her daughter, Irina. The evidence of their loving, nurturing relationship is beautifully documented in the archival materials of the Bronislava Nijinska Collection, at the Library of Congress. Dairies, letters, and snapshots of family life show how the three generations of the Nijinsky women, grandmother, mother and daughter, stood by each other through thick and thin all their lives. This female solidarity gave Bronia the inner strength to be an artist, rooted her, and, in the end, shaped her who she was.

Links of Interest

Recreated ballets in which Bronia and Vaslav danced or choreographed 1913—35

http://www.evastachniak.com/2016/11/05/the-chosen-maiden-ballets-1909-1913/

http://www.evastachniak.com/2016/11/05/the-chosen-maiden-ballets-1914-1935/

Eva Stachniak, Biography

evastachniakEva Stachniak is a writer of historical fiction. Her latest novel, The Chosen Maiden, was inspired by the art and voice of Bronia Nijinska.  She lives in Toronto.

Find more out about her and her fabulous books on her website.

 

The Chosen Maiden, Synopsis –

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Publisher: Doubleday Canada and US
Date: Jan 17, 2017

The passionate, sweeping story of Bronia, an extraordinary ballerina forever in the shadow of the legendary Nijinsky–Russia’s greatest dancer and her older brother.

Born on the road to dancer parents, the Nijinsky children seem destined for the stage. Vaslav is an early prodigy, and through single-minded pursuit will grow into arguably the greatest–and most infamous–Russian ballet dancer of the 20th century. His talented younger sister Bronia, however, also longs to dance. Overshadowed by Vaslav, plagued by a body deemed less than ideal and struggling against the constraints of her gender, Bronia will have to work triply hard to prove herself worthy.

Bronia’s stunning discipline and mesmerizing talent will eventually elevate her to the highest stage in Russia: the prestigious, old-world Mariinsky Ballet. But as the First World War rages, revolution sparks in Russia. In her politics, love life and career, Bronia will be forced to confront the choice between old and new; traditional and groundbreaking; safe and passionate.

Through gorgeous and graceful prose, readers will be swept from St. Petersburg and Kiev to London and Paris and plunged into the tumultuous world of modern art. Against the fascinating and tragic backdrop of early 20th century Europe, and surrounded by legends like Anna Pavlova, Coco Chanel, Serge Diaghilev and Pablo Picasso, Bronia must come into her own–as a dancer, mother and revolutionary–in a world that only wishes to see her fall.

Add to GoodReads

Purchase on Amazon and other major online retailers and stores nationwide in Canada and the United States.

National Bestseller

“A tale of intrigue, love, betrayal and redemption set in the realm of art and artists, exploring the line between dedication and obsession, creation and madness. . . . Stachniak weaves together beautifully the myriad moments that bring this fascinating family and period to life.” —Toronto Star 

“Carefully researched and capaciously imagined. . . . More than just an absorbing historical account of an avant-garde artist, The Chosen Maiden is a fully-realized tale of family, love, loss and enduring resilience.” —Cathy Marie Buchanan, New York Times bestselling author of The Painted Girls

“Many works of fiction take as their inspiration true events and persons of historical significance, but few do so as lovingly and imaginatively. . . . The Chosen Maiden delves into the workings of an artist’s mind and reveals the resiliency of art in a time of worldwide political upheaval and war. . . . A remarkable work of historical fiction.” —Quill & Quire

“Exquisite. . . . Dance fans will welcome this graceful and entrancing foray into the recent past.” —Library Journal

“Reading The Chosen Maiden is like entering Aladdin’s Cave, where a vivid, strange and enchanting world awaits. It is the thrilling world of the Great Nijinsky and his passionate and unforgettable sister Bronia, whose discipline and talent rival her famous brother’s, but whose greatest genius may be her will to survive. Spanning two world wars and the Russian Revolution, Eva Stachniak’s sumptuous and evocative dance of the Chosen Maiden is the dance of 20th century history.” —Shaena Lambert, author of Oh, My Darling and Radiance

Thank you for following the series!

Women in History

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The Grip of God, by Rebecca Hazell, Gives Us a Glimpse into a Captive 12th Century Rus Princess and her Life with the Mongols

Last week I conducted an interview with Rebecca Hazell, the author of The Grip of God and you can see that by clicking HERE. It was very interesting and since then, I’ve also completed the book. To read my thoughts about it, you can see my review below the cover. I also have a giveaway of the novel, courtesy of Rebecca. To enter to win an e-copy of The Grip of God, please leave a comment below after the post saying you wish to enter, and your email so I can contact you!

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Review~

The Grip of God, by Rebecca Hazell, is a full-length novel featuring the story of Princess Sofia, a young teen of privilege who was close with her father, the monarch of the ancient 9th-12th century Kievan Rus (the ‘land of Rus’).  Since you may not have come across much fiction surrounding this area during the time period, Kievan Rus was the precursor to the areas of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia with the center being Kiev. Their Slavic dynasty fell to the Mongols in the 1240s, which is primarily where The Grip of God begins.

Princess Sofia, who is independent and strong even at a young age from her many travels with her father (her mother had died), and though still a child by our standards at an age then in which most noble women were beginning to be sought after for political marriages, her father had yet to choose a suitor for his prized daughter. Once a threat was appearing in Kiev, he sent her away for protection, but she was quickly captured by the barbaric Mongols. She is appalled at their actions, their brutality, she is raped (losing her innocence), and doesn’t understand a word anyone is saying. Through her strange ordeal, she battles her emotions over this strange band of people, learns to understand who the servants are, the other women, and pieces together her situation. As she learns that she has been taken by one of the premiere young men who adores her long red hair, and is pranced (or thrown) around in front of the Khan as they figure out she is a Princess, she is kept by the man who initially found and raped her.

The novel had at first started slow for me, written in first person and without much dialogue until almost 100 pages in when she begins to try to communicate with people of her new surroundings, a traveling camp of Mongols who are moving and conquering those all around them by massacring, murdering, pillaging, and dominating with force.  In this situation, she begins communicating with some of the other women and servants, who try to care and protect her and teach her to view the ways of the others and what motivates them. She meets people who are thrown together and surround each other, but who have various thoughts, opinions, religions.  She learns that all people are generally motivated by many of the same things and that most have faith, even if not always in the same way.  She “comes of age” by learning compassion for all those around her–the sick, the poverty stricken, the mourners, the captive, those serving, and those being served.

Halfway in, I started to appreciate the social message within the book and became invested in Sofia’s emotional process as she grows into a woman and learns about herself as she learns about others. Though she grew up with slaves at her side in Kiev, she always had a heart for the peasants that served her father. Her compassionate and open heart serves her well as being at first abhorred by the brutality of the Mongols, she learns to understand how they operate and she finds compassion for those around her as well as for her captor who becomes her Master. Though, of course, never for some of the acts that they do, which Hazell sometimes portrays in overly graphic detail.  I found it curious in fact that she shared the disgusting details of their murders and customs, yet didn’t go farther during any rape other than to say it happened and leaving Sofia sad and confused.  I would have liked the rape scenes to be portrayed as awful acts as well, though maybe it’s a given.

Sofia knows she is lucky that he actually tries to please her and he does love her, even if outside the tent he is still a Mongol and a murderer. She does begin to gradually teach him that some of his acts are inhumane and he begins to show some mercy, even if Khan dictates that they should not show mercy. He begins to care a little more for captives and to show compassion for villagers in areas they overtake. Though sometimes he can’t and it shocks Sophia as she grapples with the question, “have a I changed his heart or not?”

Sofia struggles also with understanding Christianity, Orthodox Christianity, Paganism, Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism and how they all operate separately and together in the world. She begins to sense that all these people believe in something bigger than themselves, like God, but in different ways. She compares them all in her head throughout the novel, which shows us as a reader how all are connected.  Most all people want to believe in something. Yes, we are connected by our heart and love.  Having something to believe in gets people through the horrors of life that was so harsh during those medieval time periods when so much war and illness dictated life. People either clung to the faith of their ancestors, or chose to believe personally in something due to a method I like to think of as “trial and error,” you know….they used an amulet or prayed to an idol and something happened, therefore, they keep doing it and calling on it in times of need. This book really sought to speak to how all these religions were connected to each other by a common factor (when practiced correctly and not used for politics) and that people of different religions could get along in peace and harmony by exhibiting one some thing–compassion.  She showed this through all of Sofia’s relationships with captives and servants in the camps. Her notions of other religions.  Sophia is Orthodox Christian, but most people in her home area had been pagans prior to Christianity spreading through her region during the reign of her family and many were still pagan, or held on to some of the old traditions, mixing paganism with Christianity. She learns as she is captive that people of another religion can also have true, honest, compassionate hearts.  They can depend and trust each other. There is room in the world for various religions and cultures and Sofia realizes that people should not be treated poorly for believing in different things.  She learns that there are good and bad people within all cultures and religions, but this doesn’t equate with entire races or people of a certain faith being the same. Some people have no compassion and others have much, no matter what you believe in.  Sofia struggles to know what she believes about her Christian faith, about God, about how to practice religion. She calls upon her teachings of “love your enemy” and tries to grow and survive by understanding her captors and  her Master, who essentially she then allows herself to understand and grows to love as he loves her and devotes to her. His actions aren’t always just, but she grows to understand his culture and how much he is dictated by it.

Of course, being  a reader myself who also loves Norse myths and legends, I could see from the start Sofia’s underlying struggle to also understand if any of her visions or occurrences were coincidence, from trauma or illness, or actual magic. I don’t think by the end of the book we ever really are given an answer, but that is probably because in actual history there isn’t an answer either. Her ancestors would have been Norse and with that comes the Norse Gods legends (you know the big one, Thor).  Possibly her red hair and beauty and tall stature led her Mongol Master, at the time of her capture and then throughout their relationship) to believe she may have had supernatural powers that would bring him luck and fortune and she became his goddess in this way. For instance, in her making him a silk shirt, he felt the shirt saved his life on the battlefield.  The ending of the book really brought the sentiment of her being otherworldly to life by Sofia’s act and with the ending we are plunged into Solomon’s parable and left hanging and ready for the second book.

I can’t say that the writing was lyrical or poetic, it didn’t sing to me or have enough dialogue and the dialogue it did have was sometimes childish or stilted for me, BUT Hazell’s historical research, her elaborate details, and her social message far outweighed all this and I’m glad that I continued to finish the book rather than give up on the start. It was well-written, but it read as more of a journal, a personal struggle, rather than being pure fantastical storytelling. Her details of the environment, the dress, the food, even the horrific details were graphic and visual and I delighted in learning about all their customs and culture. I could envision all her description, from the scents to the colors.

I don’t want to give the ending away, but I can tell book two will begin with Sofia on to her next adventure and more interaction with those of varying faiths and cultures. I’m excited to read book two and see where it leads her. I’m thrilled that an author chose to write a book about this time period and also feel very justified in my own thoughts, as I can tell the author’s own beliefs in the struggles that religion brings inside one’s own head and heart are the same as my own. I can see that she believes as I do that all varying religions and cultures could live in harmony if only we’d take the time understand and treat each other with dignity and respect. I applaud her for taking on this issue through her character of Sofia and using the time period in which, in reality, it all really began to come to a head and is still shaping our societal struggles today.

I also was really excited to see a book of fiction that showed historical detail of the Mongol life as they paraded throughout central Asia trying to take over the world. A view into a people, through the narrator Rus Princess Sofia, teaches us more about their culture beyond our normal stereotypes of the war-monger male soldiers. The book also gives us a glimpse of their women, those of their culture or captive, and how they lived among them.

If you like historical novels filled with compassion, culture, and rich details, this book will allow you to read as if you are in the journal of a Princess of captivity. Seeped in legend, religion, and how cultures intersect, The Grip of God is a journey that will have you looking into your own soul.

The Grip of God, Synopsis~

Duncan, BC Canada:
Award Winning Writer Rebecca Hazell Releases First Book in Trilogy of Historical Fiction Novels

grip of godRebecca Hazell’s The Grip of God, the first novel in an epic historical trilogy, is available on amazon.com and its affiliates and by special order through your local bookstore. The saga’s heroine, Sofia, is a young princess of Kievan Rus. Clear eyed and intelligent, she recounts her capture in battle and life of slavery to a young army captain in the Mongol hordes that are flooding Europe. Not only is her life shattered, it is haunted by a prophecy that catalyzes bitter rivalries in her new master’s powerful family. She must learn to survive in a world of total war, always seeking the love she once took for granted.

Sofia’s story is based on actual historical events that determine her destiny. Readers will delight in this very personal and engaging tale from a time that set the stage for many of the conflicts of today’s world.

Praise for the trilogy

“How deftly and compellingly Hazell takes the reader with her into that mysterious and exotic world, and makes it all seem so very close to hand!” – Peter Conradi, Fellow of Britain’s Royal Society of Literature and author of Iris Murdoch: A Life, and of A Very English Hero.

“I enjoyed watching her morph from a spoiled sheltered princess with slaves of her own, into a tough, savvy survivor, with a new awareness of social injustice. The book is action packed. I couldn’t put it down.” — from a review on Amazon.com.

“I got completely caught up in the characters and story and always looked forward to getting back to them. What a fully fleshed and fascinating world you developed and it was wondrous to learn so much about that time and the Mongol culture. Your gifts come out in your lush descriptions of place and objects. All very vivid and colorful.” –author Dede Crane Gaston

The novel is available both in paperback and Kindle versions and through your local bookstore by special order. The subsequent two novels in the trilogy are scheduled for publication later this year.

Author Rebecca Hazell, Biography~

rebecca hazellRebecca Hazell is a an award winning artist, author, and educator. She has written, illustrated, and published four non-fiction children’s books, created best selling educational filmstrips, designed educational craft kits for children and even created award winning needlepoint canvases.

She is a senior teacher in the Shambhala Buddhist lineage, and she holds an honours BA from the University of California at Santa Cruz in Russian and Chinese history.

Rebecca lived for many years in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 1988 she and her family moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and in 2006 she and her husband moved to Vancouver Island. They live near their two adult children in the beautiful Cowichan Valley.

Visit Rebecca:

Website | Goodreads | Facebook

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